place2legal LEGAL RESIDENCY STUDY in different contexts

Even hackers need to legally reside (or get paid for labour, ...) somewhere!

Last updated:
    2016-05-04 first draft @squatconf
    2016-11-05 umbrella review

Ties to:
    * 🔗coop
        "where to base the hacker coop so € extraction works well, legal protection of work, etc"
    * 🔗hacking-housing-pad
        "where to build hackbases given legal context"






Criteria

Different aspects:
    * urbanism/house law (for registered address)
    * getting paid + not losing money on taxes <- this does assume taxes are a bad thing
    * [...]

Scope:
    * First limit this to EU, because otherwise we are going down the rabbithole of how to get a residency permit in a certain country
    * Maybe we can look into certain countries that are especially beneficial for certain objectives.
    * [...]

___________________

Different criteria/factors:

    * Cost of Health Insurance

    * Tax systems, if you are earning money:
        * in this country
        * outside of this country in general
        * outside of this country in specific other countries

    * Getting public money:
        * unemployment
        * grants (art / startup / education ...)
        * [...]

    * Registered address:
        * (do you even need one?)
        * how to obtain?
        * how to continue continue having it?
        * Do you need a mail address?
        * What happens if you register as "homeless" where are they gonna send your mail to?
        * are there countries where everything works digitally or by Email and you don't need a Mail address for physical Mail?

    * Corporate / business matters:
        Corporate tax, incorporation, financial management, control structure framework ("cooperatives" etc)

    * [...]




Jurisdictions investigated / worth looking in
:

    * Spain / Canary islands:
        * Have to register for DNI after 90+ days
        * ???

    * Germany:
        ???

    * Portugal:
        * <wischi has some info

    * Estonia:
        * didn't they do this libertarian / e-personal id thing?
        * http://www.vice.com/read/estonias-e-residency-program-is-the-future-of-immigration
        * "For example, e-Residency would allow an Indian entrepreneur to establish an Estonian company that he runs from Singapore to serve clients based in Germany. He'd also be able to use his digital signature to sign contracts with customers throughout the European Union. All of it would be done online, remotely, and completely hassle-free. http://www.leapin.eu/articles/e-residency"
    * [...]




Other ideas/trajectories
:
    * marrying non-EU people (Russia, etc) so they get documents
    * problem of paying double taxes (with some combinations of countries) - if you are earning money?
    * [...]




************* PAD

HOW DO YOU GET PAID
#legal:
    * it seems some countries citizens can be paid directly ("by contract"), like SLO ?
    * ... while others might need a sole proprietorship / "one man company", like DE or NL ?

Work in Germany!
:
    * (<gamambel) ~ "you don't need SP to do creative work... web design OK, web development more difficult"
    * for most "jobs" if you want to freelance you have to register as 'individual entrepreneur' (Einzelunternehmer)
but that's a simple formality and takes like 10 minutes + 30 euro, something like that
    * [...]
    * "you also need an office space i think? my friend at KuM has a problem with this as he'd need to somehow re-classify part of his house and somehow that's rough"
------------
Read:
    * http://www.expatica.com/de/finance/Tax-and-freelancers-in-Germany_100950.html
    * http://www.sympat.me/how-become-freelancer-germany/
    * [...]
------------
Also see CHT🔗KKM(R/W) !

<---------------------------- (new): structured ABOVE, unstructured BELOW


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